Sabarmati River

Sabarmati Riverfront, Ahmedabad.jpg

The Sabarmati River is a river in western India and one of the biggest rivers of north Gujarat. River Sabarmati is one of the major West flowing river of Gujarat which originates from Dhebar lake in Aravalli Range of the Udaipur District of Rajasthan and meets the Gulf of Cambay of Arabian Sea after travelling 371 km. from the origin. The Sabarmati basin has a maximum length of 300 km. and maximum width of 105 km. The total catchment area of the basin is 21674 km2 out of which, 4124 km2 lies in Rajasthan State and the remaining 18550 km2 in Gujarat State.  

Country - India
States - Gujarat, Rajasthan

Tributaries -

- left
Wakal river, Sei Nadi, Harnav River,Hathmati River, Watrak River

Cities - Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar

Source -
Dhebar lake, Rajasthan

- location
Aravalli Range, Udaipur District, Rajasthan,India

- elevation
782 m (2,566 ft)

Length -
371 km (231 mi)

Sabarmati River Basin is situated in the mid-southern part of Rajasthan. To its east lie the Banas and Mahi Basins, to its north the Luni Basin and to its west the West Banas Basin. Its southern boundary is the border with Gujarat State. The total catchment area of the Basin is 4,164 km2. Sabarmati River Basin extends over parts of Udaipur, Sirohi, Pali and Dungarpur Districts. Orographically, the western part of the Basin is marked by hilly terrain belonging to the Aravali chain. East of the hills lies a narrow alluvial plain with a gentle eastward slope.

Sabarmati river rises in the Aravali hills, which roughly mark the western boundary of Udaipur District, i.e. Mount Abu area, and flows in a south-westerly direction. The main tributaries of the Sabarmati river are Wakal river and the Sei Nadi, which also rise in the Aravali hill range west of Udaipur city and flow south-westwards in courses generally parallel to the Sabarmati river, up to their confluence with the river (in Gujarat).

Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar, the commercial and political capitals of Gujarat were established on the banks of Sabarmati river. The legend is that Sultan Ahmed Shah of Gujarat, resting on the bank of Sabarmati, got inspired with the courage of a rabbit to chase a bully dog to establish Ahmedabad in 1411. At the bank of Sabarmati river there is located rich area named "Sabarmati".

During India's independence struggle, Mahatma Gandhi established Sabarmati Ashram as his home on the banks of this river.


Sabarmati Riverfront

Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project is an initiative by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation to develop the riverfront in Ahmedabad, India. In May 1997, the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation established the Sabarmati River Front Development Corporation Limited (SRFDCL) under Section 149 (3) of the Companies Act 1956.

Dams on Sabarmati River

Major dam projects on Sabarmati River are:

  • The Sei Dam
  • The Harnav Dam
  • The Harnav Weir
  • The Dharoi Dam
  • Hathmati Dam
  • Guhai Dam
  • Hathmati Weir
  • Watrak Project
  • Kalpsaar Project

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